Meteorite: Meteorite, any fairly small natural object from interplanetary space—i.e., a meteoroid—that survives its passage through Earth’s atmosphere and lands on the surface. In modern usage the term is broadly applied to similar objects that land on the surface of other comparatively large bodies. For Association of meteorites with asteroids. If meteoritic material comes from specific regions of the asteroid belt, then the asteroids in such regions should have the chemical and mineralogical composition observed in the meteorites. The surface mineralogical composition of asteroids, in principle, can be determined directly by observations from Earth of the fraction of sunlight they reflect. An ice core is a core sample that is typically removed from an ice sheet or a high mountain glacier.Since the ice forms from the incremental buildup of annual layers of snow, lower layers are older than upper, and an ice core contains ice formed over a range of years. 地球外物質（Extraterrestrial Astronomical Object）が地球（Earth）に落下（Fall）したものであるが、その大部分は小惑星帯（Asteroid Belt）に由来すると考えられている。 The age of the earth can be measured by numerous different techniques, most of which provide just a minimum age. The absolute age of the earth has been most accurately measured through radioactive decay of its rocks. The term stable isotope has a meaning similar to stable nuclide, but is preferably used when speaking of nuclides of a specific element.Hence, the plural form stable isotopes usually refers to isotopes of the same element. The relative abundance of such stable isotopes can be measured experimentally (isotope analysis), yielding an isotope ratio that can be used as a research tool. Let’s say the length of your arms stretched out is the history of Earth. Then you take a nail file and rub your furthest fingernail. You’ve just removed all of human history. 1. The shrinking-sun argument contains two errors. The worst, by far, is the assumption that if the sun is shrinking today, then it has always been shrinking!. That's a little like watching the tide go out and concluding that the water level must have fallen at that rate since the earth began. Download and read the NERC research grants and fellowships handbook, the NERC studentships and training handbook, along with panel meeting and referee guidance materials. NERC funds excellent, world-leading research across the environmental sciences. Our innovation funding brings researchers together with research users, to harness the best people, skills and information to address business and societal needs.